UAS Applications

Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) are emerging as an area of automation and has significant applications potential – not just as a social tool that can change local governance BUT also as a commercial activity UAS are “flying systems” which every citizen can experience in local area.

Fitted with unique cameras, sensors and payloads, the UAS becomes a high-potential tool for remote survey and data collection; delivery of small “consignments” and even bring exhilarating experience to the young of “building and piloting flying objects”.

Different types of UAS with a variety of imaging, biological, delivery, gas-sniffer payloads can play an important role in governance.

UAS can be used as a tool for good-governance and there are tremendous research opportunities for advancement.

UAS can be used at local levels, and for smaller areas, for precision applications for Agriculture monitoring and operations, Urban and City Management, Property Tax assessment, Forest mensuration (Karnataka Forest Department has tried out examples for this), Mine monitoring and management, traffic monitoring and civic operations, Disaster management, Archaeological site mapping, infrastructure planning and assessment and many others.

Applications of UAS  have high potential – especially at local grass-root level of panchayats, villages, cities, industrial areas, traffic corridors, mines and sites etc. There are examples of UAS applications – though in pockets and demonstrative, very few are holistically operational. There is also a lack of an end-to-end standard operating procedure which address permission/clearances, technical configuration, types of UAS, different types of sensors and data collection systems and its best usage, UAS flying and data collection, UAS data analysis and information extraction, linking to decision support etc.

Policies for UAS are still under grappling in various nations – the UAS systems have to be “fit into” the already well-established aviation sector and the stringent aviation safety/security procedures are seen as a benchmark for UAS systems. Thus, challenges do exist for UAS Policies.

C-SAG aims to DEMONSTRATE AND ESTABLISH END-TO-END PRACTICES AND STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR USING UAS IN GOVERNANCE. Our studies bring out the use and application of UAS in a systematic manner; show how UAS can produce autonomous, precise, cost-effective, up-to-date information AND model the information from UAS in a “specific processing” to generate the GOVERNANCE INFORMATION. Some of the areas in which C-SAG works for UAS applications and anlaytics are:

  • Extracting real-time and high granular information for Agri-GIS on soils, landuse, fields, drainages, crop status and vigour etc on a near real-time basis
  • Automatic information extraction from UAS data and ingest to Spatial Analytics
  • Autonomous Property Tax Estimation in Urban Areas which can serve as a check-and-balance to traditional taxation survey methods
  • Autonomous field-by-field Crop Area estimation in a village/panchayat which can serve as verification for traditional crop data collection
  • Real-time Monitoring of Civic activities – traffic, events, markets etc from a security monitoring perspective 
  • Fusion of multi-sensor data in UAS and analytics
  • Tracking UAS autonomously and Collision Avoidance technology
  • UAS Image and Difference Analysis for volume estimation in open Mines